Stock Market Updates – Quantitative, Fundamental and Technical Analysis… In That Order!

Stock market updatesIt has been some time since I wrote a Stock Market Updates blog post and it feels good to share my opinions in this format again!

Today’s post deals with my “order of analysis” and it stems from a conversation I had with a colleague regarding how I approach the myriad of investing and trading decisions in the course of trying to narrow down the best possible vehicles where to deploy capital.

Stocks go up, go down or stay flat in price. If you are long (own the stock) and the stock goes up, you are going to make a profit. If you are long and the stock goes down in price, you are going to incur a loss. If what you own stays stagnant in price you will lose the opportunity cost of allocating your capital elsewhere but in real dollars and cents, beyond the transaction costs, you will not have incurred a gain or a loss. Simple right?

Well it is! What is not simple is this:

How do I know what and when to buy a stock and when to sell it?

First let’s consider some well know facts. Stocks in the long run have about a 70% to 75% chance of being higher or flat on a daily basis. That is a very powerful statement of fact and the primary reason why most individual investors should stay far away from shorting stocks. Shorting stocks is when you borrow shares on margin in hope of closing the trade at a lower price point. Or simply stated, when your bet is that the stock will go down.

So if we agree 75% of the time stocks go up or stay flat, then it follows that our job as investors and traders is to choose those stocks that have a better probability of going up! Of course easier said than done… and in there lies the topic of this post.

 

Quantitative, Fundamental, Technical…

As a market participant I always chuckle at those debates of who is right or wrong or which discipline is “best”, Quantitative Analysis, Fundamental Analysis or Technical Analysis. If you click on the links, you will get a more in-depth description of  each but for the purpose of this article, lets look at it as such:

Quantitative analysis, tries to arrive at an answer by evaluating questions of “How much”.

 

Real buy and sell figures at various price points over time. Some folks out there have begun calling this “evidence based” investing. I am good with quantitative analysis. No need to rename something that has been around for many years just for the sake of launching a new marketing campaign.

This is a factor that I consider paramount. I want to buy a stock that is in the beginning of an accumulation phase. No matter how good a stock may seem from a fundamental or technical basis, if no one is buying the stock, it will languish and remain flat. Do we want our limited allocation of money to be deployed to a stock that will more than likely remain flat? The answer is definitely no. As individual investors we have a limited amount of cash to deploy to our investment positions and a flat stock does us no good.

Many so-called “value” stocks fall under this criteria. Often a stock looks great from a fundamental point of view but for some reason or another it goes unnoticed by the market. If no one is buying it does it matter if it’s a great fundamental story? What is the point of holding a stock for years with the hope that the market will eventually recognize what you have?

Once we find stocks that pass our quantitative analysis and screens, the next thing we look at is the fundamental merits of these stocks. In other words we look to answer the following:

Do I agree with the fundamental reason behind the quantifiable buying of the stock?

Fundamental analysis refers to a company’s business metrics. Is the company earning a profit? is it over valued versus its peers? does it have a price to earnings ratio above the broad market benchmark and so forth. I want to own stocks that are beginning to move higher whose fundamental story makes sense to me. Does the company make a product or offer a service I support and believe in?

Some traders will say this doesn’t matter. “who cares if it’s a “good” company or stock…it’s moving so just buy it” Well this may work in the near term but a stock will eventually trade-off of reality. A hyped up stock with poor fundamentals may fly high quickly but will fall just as quickly. I for one prefer to own stocks I believe in and understand from a fundamental point of view.

 

Technical indicators and pattern recognition

Lastly and least important of all in my opinion is technical analysis. Technical analysis is esoteric in the sense that it can be referred to as art just as easily as it could science. Patterns and the action of traders, (buy or sell) when these patterns are recognized in charts can and do move markets.

Over the years, many quantitative indicators have been lumped into the broad category of “technical analysis” incorrectly. At its pure sense, technical analysis is the study of price action. Technical analysts use price charts to try to determine when both short-term and longer term price inflections are about to occur. In the near term, an understanding of technical analysis can help better an entry or exit point once you are ready to place your trade.

So there you are! Quantitative + Fundamental + Technical analysis. All three have their place, some more so than others. Keep your analysis to this order and watch your profits grow !

 

 

 

Wide Angle Lens Look At The Upcoming Quarter

Time to take a “wide angle” view of this market to get our bearings on where we stand heading into this last quarter of the year. It has been a tough trading year for most hedging strategies as the “one way” up market has, so far this year, made alpha generation a very tough affair and beta chasing the order of the day. The outlook heading into year-end is book cased by two very strong arguments. As I mentioned above, there is no denying that many money managers are going into this quarter behind their benchmarks and the scenario for a year end “mark up” in equities could be a real catalyst for the bulls. The resolution of the extreme uncertainty that will come about by the outcome of the elections should also be supportive of a push higher no matter who wins the election. Business and markets in general can deal with a tremendous amount of obstacles but one thing that it often has trouble with is lack of visibility or uncertainty. Make no mistake about it, the outcome of the elections will make a huge difference in the market environment going forward but the difference is from “good to better” as opposed to “good versus bad” in my opinion. The effect on the economy going forward by which side wins the elections will be drastically different in my opinion but the market will deal with that in due course. The ever more dovish Fed stands ready with gazillions of dollar at the beckon call of financial markets and the “Bernanke Put”, which investors have come to rely on so heavily, stands ready to bailout markets. The recent throw the kitchen sink announcements of QE should provide ample liquidity which banks will gladly throw put to work in the stock market.

Against this rosy backdrop lies the ever worsening domestic and Global economies. The slowdown that started to rear its ugly head back in March of this year has escalated and the recent economic data points have been worsening. Today’s Chicago PMI was one of the worst reports I have seen in a while. The Fed had reason to go so big and if the data points are any indication, we may be headed to another recession in 2013. Corporate earnings are also on the downside and many companies have slashed earnings outlook for the 4th quarter which was heavily weighted in the overall projections for the S&P 500 year end EPS targets. This fundamental slowdown in earnings growth will weigh on a market trading near multi year highs.

Headline risks abound. The situation in Europe is far from over and markets are vulnerable to shock events from this crisis. Like it or not, this risk premium will be with us for a while and will keep multiples pegged to the lower extremes of the recent trend. The political brinksmanship we are sure to see in dealing with the fiscal cliff later this year will augment that headline risk premium as I am fairly certain it will be a drawn out affair particularly if President Obama wins re-election and the Republicans maintain control of the House.

Finally from a technical standpoint, markets are going into the quarter somewhat overbought. The one way move higher since early June had pushed the S&P 500 into real overbought levels at 3 standard deviations from its 34 week moving averages. This had not happened since early April of 2010, a period that was soon followed by a sharp pullback. We have backed off of this extreme over the past 2 weeks but could very well consolidate some more. From a price perspective we are right at the midpoint on the 1 standard deviation regression channel from the March 2009 lows and the recent highs. From this vantage point, a move lower is very probable and my first major downside target here would be 1375 on the SPX. The stochastic oscillator and the accumulation/distribution histogram have shown some signs that support this thesis.

So, from a broad perspective, there you have it. There are several compelling reasons to be either bullish or bearish here. Figuring out when to be either is the name of the game.

C.J. Mendes

cjm

Trading Options For Income
8770 Sunset Drive 201
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http://www.tradingoptionsforincome.com

 

Earning – A Wide Angle Lens Look At The Upcoming Quarter

Wide Angle Lens Look At The Upcoming Quarter

Time to take a “wide angle” view of this market to get our bearings on where we stand heading into this last quarter of the year. It has been a tough trading year for most hedging strategies as the “one way” up market has, so far this year, made alpha generation a very tough affair and beta chasing the order of the day. The outlook heading into year-end is book cased by two very strong arguments. As I mentioned above, there is no denying that many money managers are going into this quarter behind their benchmarks and the scenario for a year end “mark up” in equities could be a real catalyst for the bulls.

The resolution of the extreme uncertainty that will come about by the outcome of the elections should also be supportive of a push higher no matter who wins the election. Business and markets in general can deal with a tremendous amount of obstacles but one thing that it often has trouble with is lack of visibility or uncertainty. Make no mistake about it, the outcome of the elections will make a huge difference in the market environment going forward but the difference is from “good to better” as opposed to “good versus bad” in my opinion.

The effect on the economy

going forward by which side wins the elections will be drastically different in my opinion but the market will deal with that in due course. The ever more dovish Fed stands ready with gazillions of dollar at the beckon call of financial markets and the “Bernanke Put”, which investors have come to rely on so heavily, stands ready to bailout markets.

The recent throw the kitchen sink announcements of QE should provide ample liquidity which banks will gladly throw put to work in the stock market.

Against this rosy backdrop lies the ever worsening domestic and Global economies. The slowdown that started to rear its ugly head back in March of this year has escalated and the recent economic data points have been worsening.

Corporate earnings are also on the downside

many companies have slashed earnings outlook for the 4th quarter which was heavily weighted in the overall projections for the S&P 500 year end EPS targets. This fundamental slowdown in earnings growth will weigh on a market trading near multi year highs.

Headline risks abound.

The situation in Europe is far from over and markets are vulnerable to shock events from this crisis. Like it or not, this risk premium will be with us for a while and will keep multiples pegged to the lower extremes of the recent trend.

The political brinksmanship we are sure to see in dealing with the fiscal cliff later this year will augment that headline risk premium as I am fairly certain it will be a drawn out affair particularly if President Obama wins re-election and the Republicans maintain control of the House.

Finally from a technical standpoint…

markets are going into the quarter somewhat overbought. The one way move higher since early June had pushed the S&P 500 into real overbought levels at 3 standard deviations from its 34 week moving averages. This had not happened since early April of 2010, a period that was soon followed by a sharp pullback. We have backed off of this extreme over the past 2 weeks but could very well consolidate some more.

From a price perspective…

we are right at the midpoint on the 1 standard deviation regression channel from the March 2009 lows and the recent highs. From this vantage point, a move lower is very probable and my first major downside target here would be 1375 on the SPX. The stochastic oscillator and the accumulation/distribution histogram have shown some signs that support this thesis.

So, from a broad perspective, there you have it. There are several compelling reasons to be either bullish or bearish here. Figuring out when to be either is the name of the game.

 

 

Market-Equity Rally All About Short Covering Of The Euro

Market-Equity Rally All About Short Covering Of The Euro

So the Fed has come and gone and bestowed on us a mound full of “QE” to juice up our equity markets. Probability was great that they were going to do something but I think they may have managed to exceed the expectations of the market. It is an interesting dynamic for markets these days as we get more excited about the “band- aid” than the cure itself. So what does this mean for the market? Major sugar/caffeine high for risk assets and a major shellacking to the dollar. Precious metals like Gold and Silver are expected to surge higher as are commodities in response to the weakened dollar.

There are plenty of economist that can do a better job than I at detailing the effects of this action and for those interested, I recommend Cullen Roche at the Pragmatic Capitalist www.pragcap.com who does a great job highlighting the pitfalls of some of the recent actions taken by the Fed. My take on it is that it was coming like it or not but certainly not to the scope of what was unleashed yesterday. The initial reaction from the market was also certainly more robust than I expected but considering what was proposed, not really surprising. The action was punctuated by extreme short covering action and piggy back momentum trading.

Today we are seeing more short covering along with quite a bit of profit taking which isn’t unusual after a sharp move higher into the weekend. So where to from here? The usual reaction to these announcements mean a few days of “blow off” moves as those who placed short term bets take their profits/losses followed by a natural period of consolidation which doesn’t necessarily mean a big drop in the averages but instead consist of sideways trading for a period of time.

There are many calls on the financial channels and other social media outlets for traders to just hold their nose and not fight the Fed which is generally good advice in my opinion. The problem is that this Fed action has been largely priced into the market. The general consensus has been tilted to the Fed easing for some time now since June 4th at SPX 1275 or so when markets turned on a dime after reports from journalist John Hilsenrath over at the WSJ stated that the Fed was leaning heavily towards easing at its next FOMC policy meeting. The market has since rallied nearly 200 SPX points or around 15% and in my opinion, quite a bit of this Fed induced move has been priced into the market after this week. Could we keep going parabolic here? In certain areas yes such as precious metals, materials and commodity related stocks but in other areas I am of the opinion we may have some trouble pushing higher without some consolidation. Problem is that we are not the only ones to see/feel this so the possibility sure exists that we push straight higher from here without a thought!

Here is why I think we are near the end of this extended summer rally and some profit taking is ahead. The sentiment towards the $USD has reached pretty extreme bearish levels and there has been a substantial amount of short covering of the EUR following the ECB announcements. These short term extreme swings in sentiment almost always revert to a mean and I believe this time will not be different. The chart below is of the DXI (US dollar Index) which measures the dollar against a basket of major currencies. At the current reading of 78.86 , we are very near to levels where we have seen a reversion to the mean in the past. I like to use the 55 period moving averages on a 2 day timeframe on the DXI and since 2009 the DXI has rebounded at (around) 2 standard deviations below its 55 period MA several times as circled below. These aren’t exact entry/exit set ups but they simply tell us that the dollar may have fallen a bit too much a bit too fast and a reversion is likely in the short term.

The FXE which is the Euro Trust ETF is also another one I keep an eye on for these reversals. It is extremely overbought in our daily charts. The action this week did force a breakout to the upside (short covering) on the weekly studies but as I mention above, perhaps too fast, too soon and a reversion to the mean is warranted. A move back to around FXE 125 or so is likely as this massive short covering push unwinds. These currency dislocations should in all likelihood help markets consolidate some of the gains. My risk ranges on the SPX is 1417 to 1483 which is pretty wide after the major one way push higher. We will continue managing trade opportunities as they unfold taking some bullish and bearish trades within this risk range. In plain English, we could trade a bit higher before lower and I want to capture both moves.

 

Markets- To QE or not QE

Markets- To QE or not QE

The Federal Reserve’s FOMC is really walking a tight rope on additional QE at this juncture. There are several reasons why the Fed could introduce a new easing program based on pure economic indications particularly in regards to the recent employment figures but there are are also several important considerations for not moving at this upcoming meeting. The reasons why have been talked about at nauseum over the past several weeks and months by yours truly and many others so let’s consider why they may not move here even if their recent “modis operandi” suggest they will.

The most glaring reason would be the proximity of the Presidential elections. The Fed, as a supposedly non-political entity, needs to worry about being perceived as partisan and many analysts and economists say that a major announcement of monetary policy this close to the elctions would perhaps cloud the issue particularly when the challenger has made no bones about the fact that he is opposed to the current course of action. In my opinion this is an issue that could weigh on the decision simply because the economy while not robust and gangbusters, is not in crisis mode. The Fed may opt to instead adopt even stronger dovish language and extend the timeframe for an exit of ZIRP well into 2015. Considering that they are still in the middle of their last TWIST operation, the Fed may decide to wait until after the program ends in December before announcing any additional measures

Another possible consideration is that the Fed may want at some point to throw the ball back to the lawmakers. The Fed knows that they will not be able to do the heavy lifting alone without fiscal policy measures and staying on the sidelines for a few months may send the message that lawmakers need to get their act together. The gridlock in Washington is an issue that the Fed has repeatedly warned about and at some point, they are going to run out of monetary policy options. The Fed has warned that the efficacy of these programs are dimished with each additional traunch. The Fed has to be concerned about the “addictive” nature of these stimulus measures on the market.

The S&P 500 is trading at near 4 year highs. If the Fed was planning on disappointing the market due to any of the reasons above, would they not perhaps choose to do it while there is ample cushion to the downside? Don’t forget that the Fed has managed to pile on about 160 S&P handles simply jawboning this market higher over the past 3 months. If the Fed wants to send a first shot across the bow of  lawmakers, this would be a good opportunity to do it.

The Fed could decide that if the German courts rule in favor of the ESM, the program would remove quite a bit of the uncertainty currently plaguing the Euro Zone which obviously reflects back to our economy. The ECB policy announcement was the big market mover last week and if markets could hold on to these gains, the fed may feel some more time is warranted before announcing additional easing measures here at home. The US dollar took a beating with the ECB policy announcement which sort of does the job for the Fed.

Finally, the Fed may choose to keep powder dry for any fallout from the Fiscal cliff later this year. Should they announce a program now and juice markets higher, they will be hard pressed to adopt any additional measures should President Obama win the elections and be at laggerheads with congressional Republicans on issues of sequestration and the expiration of the Bush era tax cuts at year’s end.

So while many economists and analysts feel the likelyhood of a robust QE program this week is a “done deal”, I am not so sure. Is it probable that they move here? Perhaps, but it is certainly not a done deal. Caution is advised.

 

Market- “Sterilized, Conditional and Unlimited ECB Bond Buying Program”

Market- “Sterilized, Conditional and Unlimited ECB Bond Buying Program”

I had high hopes for today’s ECB announcement and I was disappointed that Mario Draghi and the ECB central bankers chose to use a sterilized bond purchase plan and failed to lower rates. A sterilized purchase plan, particularly one that is conditional, even if “unlimited” in size, is basically taking from “Peter to give to Paul”. Because they are not expanding their balance sheet, the ECB is basically going to divert funds away from the performing countries to support failing ones.

The German courts will decide on the legality of the ESM (European Stability Mechanism) in the next week or so. I am not an Economist nor do I play one on TV but in my humble opinion, the EU needs to allow the ECB to expand their balance sheet. Europe needs growth and they need both monetary and fiscal actions that support economic expansion. To tie these emergency efforts to austerity is not going to help get these economies moving which is what is desperately needed across the European continent .

The market’s initial reaction primarily focused on the words “unlimited” and “bond buying” and risk assets took off to the races. I had anticipated this initial reaction yesterday and reason why we added the bullish call spread on the DIA and It may very well be that we rally for a couple of days. The mega caps of the DOW should outperform if that is indeed the case. The weaker shorts are covering positions in mass today and it remains to be seen if there is some “buy in” from investors over the next few days. From a technical standpoint, I still think there may be some downside ahead before the next major leg higher.

We have not made a test of support at the bottom rails of this channel since early August and we are very much short term overbought with the SPX well within 3 standard deviations above its 40 period MAs on the hourly charts. It remains to be seen if the “conditional” and “sterilized” terms which in my opinion are bearish aspects of the ECB announcement, get some more play over the next couple of sessions.

Headlines abound with the NFP (Jobs report) out tomorrow, the Fed next week along with the German court decision on the legality of the ESM which could theoretically put all of today’s gains in question. Tomorrow’s NFP number is expected to come in at around +120,000 jobs. Again it is very much a day by day market as traders react to the headlines “du jour”.

 

 

Markets – Technicals, Volume, Participation and Complacency Do Matter

Markets – Technicals, Volume, Participation and Complacency Do Matter

August is behind us as is the summer trading season and for 2012, instead of a summer crash, Mr. Market brought us a low volume and low volatility rally. The trading action evolved into a neat trading channel from the lows put in on June 4th through the recent highs put in on August 21st. The one standard deviation regression channel on the chart below tells the story best as we have traded within it for nearly three months now. The narrowing of volatility towards the end of the month really kept the trading action compact and since early August, exclusively above the midpoint of the channel which was only broken again over the past couple of days.

The market should again straddle the 1400 SPX and 13000 Dow levels going into a short holiday week full of economic headlines. The biggie obviously will be what the ECB brings to market to deal with the run on sovereign bonds of countries such as Spain and Italy. These nations cannot endure such high rates for much longer and are in dire need of a bailout. We have already begun to get some details and it seems that the ECB will be buying short term bonds of these nations to keep short term borrowing costs low. There are many hurdles to overcome as the legality of this program will be challenged particularly by the Germans. The details of what these countries are going to have to “give up” to get this ECB assistance is still a huge murky subject . Presumably we can expect the ECB to ask for “the first born” and it remains to be seen if Spain and others are willing to give up so much control. As was the case with the Fed last week, we seem to find “balance” at the 1395 to 1403 level in the broad market SPX going into these headlines.

This weekend and into today we got a very clear look at the ever slowing global growth picture. Pretty much across the board, the economic data is pointing to a pullback in manufacturing. Not exactly what the market wanted to see heading into September… or is it?… The slowing pace of manufacturing should make the case for easing that much more clear for the Fed and ECB which should (in today’s upside down market) be interpreted as bullish for risk assets. Well, today at least, markets are looking at the data very cautiously and perhaps positing that the central banks are behind the curve here as the slowing global economy has picked up some steam to the downside.

The recent global economic data does not portend well to upcoming Q3 corporate earnings season. There appears to have been a strong slowdown in economic activity over the past couple of months and clearly these will be reflected in the upcoming earnings cycle. Over the next few weeks, I expect quite a bit of analysts to come in and adjust earnings expectations lower for the quarter and for year-end.

So, in the very near term, I am still bearish. Not as bearish as I was at SPY 143.09 on August 21st but I think we are certainly headed lower within this established trading pattern to test supports at SPY 137.50 and slightly higher. Where we go from there really depends on very precise binary outcomes to some of these upcoming headlines so to speculate too far ahead at this moment would be just that, speculation.